Section 340B of the Public Health Service Act (Pub. L. 102-585) requires participating drug manufacturers to provide discounted prices on covered outpatient drugs, to eligible healthcare organizations known as covered entities, who serves the country’s indigent and vulnerable patient population. The intent of the program is to permit covered entities to stretch scare federal resources as far as possible, reaching more eligible patients and providing more comprehensive health services. Covered entities realize significant savings by purchasing outpatient drugs through the 340B program. Covered entities use these savings to provide additional services that will benefit patients. The 340B program helps safety-net providers carry out their missions to serve their communities.

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Dr. Manouchkathe Cassagnol - ASHP-ABHP 2021 Joint Leadership Award Recipient

Manouchkathe Cassagnol, clinical professor, Department of Clinical Health Professions; assistant dean, community engagement, equity, and belonging, College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences; and executive director, Academic Center for Equity and Inclusion, St. John’s University, is the recipient of the 2021 ASHP–Association of Black Health-System Pharmacists Joint Leadership Award. Learn more about Cassagnol, a highly respected educator and practitioner with a passion for integrating social justice into learning and practice.

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Dr. John E. Clark is the  2021 ASHP Board of Directors' Leadership Award Recipient

Dr. Clark is a long-standing champion for racial equity in healthcare and a vocal advocate for the creation of culturally competent systems of care. His contributions to ASHP and the profession have elevated pharmacy practice in countless ways, including identifying best practices to meet the unique needs of vulnerable patient groups, expanding healthcare access to the medically underserved, and enhancing ethnic and cultural diversity in the pharmacy workforce.

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Remembering the Early Defunct African American Pharmacy Schools

Celebrate Black History

The emergence of the early African American pharmacy schools ran parallel with the healthcare crisis created at the end of the Civil War where the deaths among newly emancipated African Americans were twice that of whites from the 1870s into the 1890s. The timeline also ran parallel with the period of post-Civil War Reconstruction and the enforcement of “Jim Crow” laws. To produce African American healthcare providers for the purpose of providing health care to their communities, separate African American medical and pharmacy schools evolved. Nine pharmacy programs were established for the training of African Americans between 1868 and 1927.

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Celebrate the History of Black Pharmacists

Matilda Lloyd, Ella E. Coleman, and Margaret A. Miller are the first known African American females to be awarded pharmacy degrees in the U.S. They received the Graduate in Pharmacy (Ph.G.) degree in 1894 at Meharry Pharmaceutical College and it was also the first time that three African American women graduated in the same class in a pharmacy program in the U.S. After graduation, Matilda Lloyd was employed as a member of the faculty at Central Tennessee College in 1898 and later joined the executive staff at the Meharry Pharmaceutical College as Assistant Registrar, where she remained for more than 40 years.

African American Women in Pharmacy Firsts

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